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Posted on 14 Jul 2010 by mAAN

Bogor Botanical Gardens International Workshop 2010, 3-10 Juli 2010

The workshop was initiated by Bogor100. Bogor100 community is consisted by individuals who care about Bogor’s urban development and heritage preservation. For this workshop, Bogor100 works together with several institutions and non-govermental communities; Bogor Botanical Gardens, P4W – LPPM IPB, Landscape Department IPB, and Kampoeng Bogor community and mAAN. The event was held for 7 (seven) days in the Botanical Garden; in the historic Guest House (former director’s residence) and the historic Treub Laboratory.

This preliminary report is written by Setiadi Sopandi ("Chung") from mAAN-Indonesia

The workshop was initiated by Bogor100. Bogor100 community is consisted by individuals who care about Bogor’s urban development and heritage preservation. For this workshop, Bogor100 works together with several institutions and non-govermental communities; Bogor Botanical Gardens, P4W – LPPM IPB, Landscape Department IPB, and Kampoeng Bogor community and mAAN. The event was held for 7 (seven) days in the Botanical Garden; in the historic Guest House (former director’s residence) and the historic Treub Laboratory.

The workshop was inspired by similar ones held by modern Asian Architecture Network (mAAN) in Shanghai (2004) and Padang (2007); which were always involving students from various international universities and engaging local participants and international experts (academicians and practicioners) as unit masters. Each unit master was responsible as facilitator for 6-7 participants. Participants had to choose the masters according to their interests. The workshop is a collaborative, voluntary, and non-commercial event. The organizer invited 6 experts as unit masters: Prof. Lai Chee Kien (National University of Singapore), Prof. Yahaya Ahmad (University of Malaya, Malaysia), Adi Purnomo (professional architect, Bogor-Jakarta), Dr. Widjaja Martokusumo (Bandung Institute of Technology), Avianti Armand (professional architect/ writer, Jakarta), Rahman Andra Wijaya (professional landscape architect, Bogor). Overall, there were more than 30 participants coming from the National University of Singapore, the University of Malaya, Bogor Institute of Agriculture, Bandung Institute of Technology, Pelita Harapan University, Petra Christian University and young fresh graduates and local volunteers.

Several speakers were invited to share revelant information for the participants; Prof. Johannes Widodo (National University of Singapore) spoke about World Heritage and UNESCO Asia Pacific Heritage Awards, accompanied by several good preservation practices; Prof. Lai Chee Kien (NUS) discussed the role and history of the botanical gardens around Southeast Asia; Prof. Yahaya Ahmad (UM) shared his experience dealing with Penang and Malacca maintaining their World Heritage Site status; Dr. Ernan Rustiadi (P4W IPB) shared his research on Bogor current economic development and urban/ regional planning; Setiadi Sopandi illustrated Bogor’s urban morphology and architecture; Dr. Kuswata Kartawinata (Bogor Botanical Garden, UNESCO) shared his knowledge about the history of Bogor Botanical Gardens; Dr. Siti Nurisyah (Landscape Dept. IPB) talked about landscape architecture documentation and survey; and Dr. Dedy Darnaedi (Bogor Botanical Gardens) discussed the garden’s role as nature conservation site.

The aim of the workshop is to map problems and potentials surrounding urban physical/ environmental development and urban social management, and to relate those problems/ potentials with the existence of Bogor Botanical Gardens as the natural core of the city. The workshop tries to highlight those aspects and proposes creative solutions and improvements which lead to specific aims. Bogor100’s intention is to have the public informed about the importance of the Garden for Bogor’s urban ecosystem and also for the communities. Bogor100 also acts as an open forum that enables stakeholders, institutions and communities, to discuss current problems and ideas for Bogor’s development.

Few results produced by units;

Unit Lai Chee Kien:
Bogor urban planning and development had been against the nature that its physical structure had been developed without addressing the characteristic of the site and its riverine/ hydrological system. This had caused enormous problems and pollution, not only in Bogor, but spread into the Jabodetabek area. The unit proposes a stricter zoning regulation; the northern part is to be dedicated for physical development, while the southern part is best to be dedicated for conservation area. Industries should be put carefully not to pollute the rivers. This would benefit the fresh clean water supplies to the Botanical Garden. The unit propose a development plan to open up public spaces/ parks along the Ciliwung river banks, especially the one connecting the Botanical Garden with the CIFOR forest, and the one leading to the Garden. The students designed a multi-platform ‘bridge’ and a dam functioning as a public open space (as communal space for the dense population) connecting Pulo Geulis and the river bank. The bridge is multi-function: reducing the flood speed when needed, trapping garbage, flood indicator, and some element might function as water catchments devices.

Unit Yahaya Ahmad:
The unit did several assessments to the role of the Garden as usually done to identify a heritage site. As a natural and man-made heritage site, located in the middle of a city, it is important to be able to identify risks and threats to the Garden. It becomes a necessity if the citizen would like to promote the Garden as a World Heritage Site. Among all things can be done, firstly the protection from risks and threats should be done by regulations. One important thing that can effectively protect a heritage site is to have a buffer zone. The unit proposes a buffer zone surrounding the Botanical Garden that also recognizes public activities, historic/ distinctive buildings, facilities. The decision to impose a buffer zone requires total awareness to our own living environment; it might be concerning identification of historic buildings and districts, important environmental elements and systems, important and unique cultural values and customs, local ecosystems as well as economic activities. The zoning decision is often very sensitive since it involves various disciplines and institutions as well as many people’s livelihood; therefore the unit understands time and more effort are needed to have a good buffer zone.

Unit Adi Purnomo:
The unit highlights the problem of water: the amount of water needed by the inhabitants and the supplies. Assumed from figures of annual precipitation record, the unit asserts that it is actually possible to supply the household water usage from rain water collection system. If this system works, there is no need for people living in Bogor to collect ground water – which is harmful to the environment. The results are creative ways to collect rain water using existing public facilities as well as new visually-interesting public facilities; water catchments umbrellas, using road structures as ground reservoirs; public transportation as moving water catchments devices.

Unit Avianti Armand:
The master specifically encourages the participants to do observation to the periphery of the Botanical Garden, and to give their evaluation of the existing ‘spatial quality’ based on sensory perception. The sensory perception observation involves the visual qualities of a segment, the noises produced by the traffic or visitors/ pedestrians, the smells produced by flowers, leaves or public transportation, and the surface of the pedestrian walks or walls. The observation was interestingly translated into information graphics, and considered as references for physical improvements. The unit’s achievement is to introduce a creative parameter that is usually overlooked in conventional statistics and assessments which are usually problematic if being converted into policies and plans.

Unit Widjaja Martokusumo:
One of the intricate problem in Indonesian cities is the lack of coordination within the urban management practice. The results are contradicting and superimposing policies made by different institutions and bodies. It had been contra productive and inefficient. Administrative islands governed by different institutions are often not related to the physical condition and local ecosystem; i.e. the problem of riverine system and water catchments area of Jabodetabek had cause major annual flood, droughts, and salt water penetration. The Garden is also having problem with its offical role as nature conservation site while at the same time being a popular recreational public park, and as a nature education center. The problem occurs when people were not well informed about the facility. The unit, therefore, focuses on providing good information and orientation for the public when approaching the Garden. By reusing old structures and introducing minor improvements at the southern end of the Garden, the unit confidently thinks that the Garden might be understood better by the people.

Unit Rahman Wijaya:
The unit specifically upholds several efforts by the Municipality and the Garden to improve visitors’ facilities. So far, the problems had been caused by piece meal improvements which were not well coordinated and did not put local potentials into attention. The improvements were also still encouraging the use of private transportations, and neglecting the use of more-environmental-friendly public transportations such as trains and busses. Therefore the unit focusses on improving the existing trail of visitor from the Bogor Main Train Station to the Bogor Botanical Garden main entrance. The trail creates unique walking experience by engaging existing historic/ heritage buildings and urban elements as visitor information centers and facilities (as museums, eating-places, sight seeing shelters, and some panoramic spots). The trail starts from the station itself, Taman Topi park, Kapten Muslihat street, Cathedral complex, Herbarium building, Zebaoth Church, Post Office building, historic office buildings and research centers) up to the main entrance. The route design improves the standard of public facilities such as the pedestrian walks, crossings and pedestrian connections, street furnitures, dividers/ fences/ walls, the management of street vendors, and introducing more green elements.


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